The beneficial effects of yoga on premenstrual syndrome
Premenstrual syndrome is the set of emotional, physical and behavioral symptoms that occur in women 5 days before the arrival of menstruation and generally end when they begin (Kamalifard et al., 2017).
Advertising message Premenstrual syndrome usually leads to the onset of depression in women with an increase in anxious symptoms, appetite, sleep-wake rhythm problems and emotional fragility, and in fact they meet the same criteria usually used to diagnose a major depression disorder in subjects who present the same symptoms for a period of time longer than two weeks (Padhy et al., 2015). Considering that there may be differences from subject to subject, regarding the presence or absence of the depressive symptoms associated with premenstrual syndrome, as well as variations in the severity of these symptoms, it is good to consider the role assumed by both external and internal factors, which can influence the pressure blood during the second half of the lutein phase. In this regard, various strategies have been identified to promote the decrease of this blood pressure and therefore consequently reduce the depressive symptoms associated with premenstrual syndrome (Yen et al., 2018) and among these the commonly used measures include the use of a certain diet, medical remedies, physical exercises and other changes regarding the subject’s lifestyle (Maddineshat et al., 2016). The health benefits derived from yoga have also recently been highlighted and for this reason the present study aims to investigate the effects of yoga on the reduction of depressive symptoms related to premenstrual syndrome.
After completing a self-report questionnaire capable of measuring the severity of depressive symptoms, the Beck Depression Inventory-Second Edition Questionnaire (BDI-II; Smarr & Keefer, 2011), the participants were randomly assigned to the control group and to the one chosen to follow yoga exercises. After the second group attended 60-minute yoga classes 3 times a week for 3 months, they were asked to complete the self-report questionnaire again to evaluate depressive symptoms, as well as being subjected to to measuring blood pressure levels.
Advertising message The results show that yoga has beneficial effects on premenstrual syndrome, influencing the decrease in depressive symptoms as well as the reduction of blood pressure, in line with studies according to which yoga is recognized as having numerous beneficial effects that involve its use. in the treatment of women suffering from premenstrual syndrome (Ghaffarilaleh et al., 2018), patients diagnosed with breast cancer (Porter et al., 2017) and those who experience depression during pregnancy (Davis et al ., 2015).
In conclusion we can say that yoga, focusing thoughts, sensations and bodily reactions in the present moment within a non-judgmental atmosphere, allows to reduce the depressive symptoms and blood pressure connected to the premenstrual syndrome, thus allowing to obtain an improvement in terms of mental health and individual well-being (Hofmann & Gómez, 2017).